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18 Mar 2014 - 09:57:10 pm

Achilles Tendonitis: Treatment, Symptoms, and Causes | FootSmart

Achilles Tendonitis: Treatment, Symptoms, and Causes | FootSmart

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS?Drawn diagram of foot with Achilles area highlighted to show symptoms of tendonitis
Named after a mythological Greek warrior whose only mortal vulnerability lay in his heel, the Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. Like its namesake, this tendon is significant. As the strongest connective tissue in the body, it boosts us forward when we walk, run, or jump.

If overloaded, the Achilles tendon may become inflamed, leading to Achilles tendonitis. This condition causes swelling and a painful, burning sensation behind the ankle about two inches above the heel. The area may also turn red and feel warm to the touch. Without treatment, scar tissue may build up over time and cause palpable bumps along the tendon.

Experiencing these difficult symptoms daily can interfere not only with your healthful exercise routine, but also with everyday activities.

Experts at FootSmart and the Podiatry Institute have identified
several common causes of the irritation that can lead to Achilles tendonitis:Injury caused by repetitive overuse, like long-distance running, or trauma to the Achilles tendon, such as a tear. Not surprisingly, injuries such as these lead to the inflammation and pain typical of Achilles tendonitis.Tight calf muscles due to inadequate stretching. This tightness can irritate the Achilles tendon and cause inflammation.Other painful foot and lower leg conditions, like over-pronation and flat feet. Such conditions can become irritated by lack of proper footwear support and cause irritation in other parts of the foot and leg, such as the Achilles tendon.
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